Systematic Approach for the Psychoacoustic Analysis of Dynamic Gear Noise Excitation Authors: C. Brecher, M. Brumm, C. Carl


The sound quality of technical products is an increasingly important quality criterion and has a significant influence on the product acceptance. But sound quality does not only depend on the physical attributes of the sound signal. It is defined to a large extent by human sound and noise perception. This perception is based on a physiological and psychological signal processing. These aspects depend on complex properties of the physical signal like the spectral distribution and a relative comparison. However, today the sound design of gearboxes is mainly based on the physical reduction of the noise level that is detected by absolute and objectivized parameters. The noise oriented gear design is based on a fundament of physical key parameters like the reduction of transmission error in compliance with achievable manufacturing tolerances. Nevertheless, these design rules may lead to a minimal sound pressure level but cannot solely be applied for an optimal sound quality in every case. Under economic and technical aspects there is no excitation free gear set. Furthermore, modern tendencies such as lightweight design and masking noise reduction (engine downsizing and electrification) lead more and more to scenarios where the sound of a gear set, which is only designated to have low transmission error, can be perceived as annoying. This requires design guide­lines which take also the human related aspects of gear noise into account. Nowadays the gear design does not yet consider human noise perception sufficiently.
Thus, a research project at the WZL has been established that investigates the correlation between gear mesh excitation and the evaluation of gear noise. The objective of this project is to deduce a method for the consideration of perception­based noise evaluation already in the stage of gear design. Therefore, psychoacoustics metrics are used to analyze the gear noise of different gear sets in the dimensions of air­borne noise, structural vibration and the excitation due to meshing. The aim of this paper is to discuss the correlation between the signal properties of the excitation and the radiated noise in order to investigate the possibilities to transfer the perception related evaluation from sound pressure to the gear mesh excitation. The paper firstly shows central psychoacoustic parameters that are most relevant for the properties of gear noise. Furthermore, a new test fixture will be introduced that allows a dynamic measurement of gear mesh excitation directly adjacent to the meshing. Regarding these aspects two different gear sets are discussed concerning the calculated transmission error and the experimentally determined excitation, surface vibration and noise radiation. These aspects are accordingly examined with respect to human noise perception, which is described by psychoacoustics . It is shown that operating conditions, order distributions as well as the gear geometry are the main influences on the signal evaluation. The influence of dynamic aspects and especially the influence of resonance effects on the noise characteristics are additionally considered.
ISBN: 1-978-61481-040-7 Pages: 22
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